Grains are often used as the basis for baiting when quantity and volume are required.
The choice almost always falls on maize or grain mixtures (the so-called pigeon mix) because of habit, easy availability but also because of ignorance about the possibility of managing more effective choices.
The cost factor is decisive in this type of bait. We think in terms of euros per kg or so.
Corn is a choice that is definitely overrated by most fishermen, who are often conditioned by the urban legends that characterise this cereal.
One of these is the phantom presence of the amino acid lysine, which is considered extremely attractive to carp (which is also true), but it is a fact that maize contains very low quantities of this cereal, which is the scarcest source available in the vegetable kingdom!
If you want to stay with a super cheap particle, very attractive when cooked and with more than twice the lysine content of maize, you should use rice, which in the case of "broken" or dog versions, costs less than 1 euro per kg and is prepared using the same soaking, cooking and fermentation methods as maize.
But rice is also a cereal that is poor in protein and unbalanced as an amino acid spectrum, and we have learned that it is this nutrient in particular that determines its attractiveness to large carp.
The best choice as an intensive and mass baiting particle therefore falls on the protein seed par excellence: soya.
Available for livestock and human consumption, soya and its extruded flakes represent the best quality/price ratio of all the seeds that can be used.
Non-organic livestock products cost around one euro per kilogram, while organic soya already roasted for human use (which therefore requires simplified preparation in terms of cooking) costs around 2.5 euro in 25 kg bags.
For feeding, it is best to mix equal parts of seed and flake, but these must be combined at different times before fermentation.
The seed must be soaked and cooked like corn (see the specific chapter on corn in the site) and at this point mixed with the soaked flaked (which should not be cooked because it has already undergone heat treatment) and left to ferment together for at least 48 hours.
The seed already roasted and decorticated for human food use is already cooked and therefore it is sufficient to soak it and ferment it
obtaining a super food with high attraction characterised by this sticky jelly that forms thanks to the breakdown of proteins.
In the book Boilies you will find all the particles and some particularly good recipes.